The most common oral disease after tooth decay or caries is gingivitis. The gum is infected by plaques layers, consisting of bacteria sticking to the surfaces of the teeth. When cleaning your teeth excess bacterial plaque is eliminated. The plaque not sufficiently cleaned away increases rapidly, and solidifies over time to turn into calculus, due to the mineral salts that the saliva passes out.
The calculus sticks firmly to the teeth surface and can no longer be cleaned away with a toothbrush or dental floss. It also increases rapidly in amount as more mineral salts from the saliva constantly is extracted. The calculus is infecting the gum and causes bleeding gum pockets that are difficult to clean.
The infection spreads deeper into the gum pockets and eventually causes the whole tooth to loosen. At the worst end the tooth completely falls off. When teeth are loose and the gums are strongly bleeding the state is called periodontitis.
To prevent gum disease, it is important and necessary to have your teeth cleaned and scaled professionally on a regular basis by a dentist or a dental hygenist. All our dentists perform dental cleaning and scaling.